While dieting, a reduced calorie intake will lower your metabolic rate, which will delay weight loss. On the contrary, regular exercise has been shown to increase your metabolic rate, which will burn more calories and help you lose weight 5 , 6 , 7 , 8. Additionally, studies have shown that combining aerobic exercise with resistance training can maximize fat loss and muscle mass maintenance, which is essential for keeping the weight off 6 , 8 , 9 , 10 , Physical activity like weight lifting can stimulate muscle building when paired with adequate protein intake. This is because exercise helps release hormones that promote the ability of your muscles to absorb amino acids.
This helps them grow and reduces their breakdown 12 , As people age, they tend to lose muscle mass and function, which can lead to injuries and disabilities. Practicing regular physical activity is essential to reducing muscle loss and maintaining strength as you age Also, exercise helps build bone density when you're younger, in addition to helping prevent osteoporosis later in life Interestingly, high-impact exercise, such as gymnastics or running, or odd-impact sports, such as soccer and basketball, have been shown to promote a higher bone density than non-impact sports like swimming and cycling Exercise can be a real energy booster for healthy people, as well as those suffering from various medical conditions 17 , One study found that six weeks of regular exercise reduced feelings of fatigue for 36 healthy people who had reported persistent fatigue Furthermore, exercise can significantly increase energy levels for people suffering from chronic fatigue syndrome CFS and other serious illnesses 20 , In fact, exercise seems to be more effective at combating CFS than other treatments, including passive therapies like relaxation and stretching, or no treatment at all Lack of regular physical activity is a primary cause of chronic disease Regular exercise has been shown to improve insulin sensitivity , cardiovascular fitness and body composition, yet decrease blood pressure and blood fat levels 23 , 24 , 25 , In contrast, a lack of regular exercise — even in the short term — can lead to significant increases in belly fat, which increases the risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease and early death Therefore, daily physical activity is recommended to reduce belly fat and decrease the risk of developing these diseases 27 , Oxidative stress occurs when the body's antioxidant defenses cannot completely repair the damage that free radicals cause to cells.
This can damage their internal structures and deteriorate your skin. Even though intense and exhaustive physical activity can contribute to oxidative damage, regular moderate exercise can increase your body's production of natural antioxidants , which help protect cells 29 , In the same way, exercise can stimulate blood flow and induce skin cell adaptations that can help delay the appearance of skin aging To begin with, it increases your heart rate, which promotes the flow of blood and oxygen to your brain.
Moreover, the ability of exercise to prevent chronic disease can translate into benefits for your brain, since its function can be affected by these diseases Regular physical activity is especially important in older adults since aging — combined with oxidative stress and inflammation — promotes changes in brain structure and function 33 , Exercise has been shown to cause the hippocampus, a part of the brain that's vital for memory and learning, to grow in size. This serves to increase mental function in older adults 33 , 34 , Lastly, exercise has been shown to reduce changes in the brain that can cause Alzheimer's disease and schizophrenia Regular exercise can help you relax and sleep better 37 , In regards to sleep quality, the energy depletion that occurs during exercise stimulates recuperative processes during sleep Moreover, the increase in body temperature that occurs during exercise is thought to improve sleep quality by helping it drop during sleep Another showed that 16 weeks of physical activity increased sleep quality and helped 17 people with insomnia sleep longer and more deeply than the control group.
But you aren't doing yourself any favors by disregarding your health -- no matter how packed your workday is. When you neglect exercise, you're putting both your physical and your mental health at risk, which can negatively impact your productivity and effectiveness at work. One great solution? Work physical activity into your everyday routine. In fact, researchers found that people who exercise during the workday are actually more productive at work, even though they technically logged fewer hours.
An office workout can vary widely in type and intensity -- from swapping your desk chair out for a stability ball, to going for a run during your lunch break. Here are a few ideas to get you started -- illustrated with help from our friends at Venngage, the poster maker. The time you spend commuting is already time you're logging each and every day.
So why not turn that time into a workout? There are ways to incorporate exercise into every type and length of commute.
If you live fairly close by, try speed walking, jogging, or cycling to work instead of driving or taking public transportation. Be sure to check for the best and safest routes in your location. If that distance is too daunting, try parking some distance away from work or getting off the bus or subway a few stops earlier than normal to walk or jog the rest of the way. Doing exercise during your commute instead of just sitting there will make you feel good while helping you keep fit, even in winter. You just have to dress properly for it. In a recent post on how effective managers organize their time , HubSpot Senior Marketing Director Ryan Bonnici let me in on his daily lunchtime routine: Every day, he blocks off — P.
Not only does this benefit him physically, but he says it's also necessary for productivity and happiness. If you can't work out before or after work, lunchtime is your next best bet for fitting in a real workout into your busy schedule. If your office has a gym, you have a lot of workout options. If not, you might opt to go for a half-hour run or a speed walk around your neighborhood or in a nearby mall. It'll take a little planning ahead -- like packing a gym bag -- but it can easily be done. Just don't skip lunch altogether, as your body does need to be refueled.
Ever seen someone in an office environment sitting on what looks like an exercise ball in lieu of a chair?
It's not for comfort or looking cool -- there are actually a lot of health benefits that come with sitting on stability balls at work. For one, it helps you practice better posture by forcing proper spine alignment. Because your body is constantly trying to balance itself on the ball, and a seated position with proper spine alignment is the easiest to balance with. Sitting on a stability ball also strengthens your abdominal muscles because those are the muscles your body uses to compensate for changes in balance.
Basically, you're getting a low-intensity abdominal workout every time you sit down -- and those hours add up. Finally, one study found that children's attention increases when they sit on stability balls. While no studies have been done on how stability balls affect adults' attention, it's possible we'd feel the same effects. On really busy days, you can still work out in short breaks by getting up, stretching your legs, and walking around.
It's all about making movement a natural part of your day. Taking short breaks to be active, even if you're just walking, will help you shed extra calories and help you concentrate during the time when you are working. Mental concentration is like a muscle, according to J ohn P. Fitness: Getting and Staying Active.
Too busy to add more exercise to your busy schedule? When you can't seem to make time for a full workout, try these no-sweat ways to simply move more. Aug 6, to exercise can be tough. Try these tips for fitting more physical activity into your day. The key is to be flexible and make fitness a way of life.
Skip Navigation. Topic Overview What is fitness? What are the benefits of fitness? How much physical activity do you need for health-related fitness? It is up to you how many days you want to exercise, but it is best to be active at least 3 days a week. Be active for at least 10 minutes at a time. For example, you could: Take a minute walk 3 times a day. Do this 5 days a week. Take a half-hour walk 3 days a week. On the other 4 days take a minute walk. Take a minute walk every other day. This activity makes you breathe harder and have a much faster heartbeat than when you are resting.
You can spread out these 75 minutes any way you want to.
go to link It is better to be active at least 3 days a week for at least 10 minutes at a time. For example, you could: Run for 25 minutes 3 times a week.
Run for 15 minutes 5 times a week. What types of physical activity improve fitness? There are three different kinds of fitness: Aerobic fitness makes you breathe faster and makes your heart work harder for a while. Aerobic fitness is also called cardio or cardiovascular training. Muscle fitness strength means building stronger muscles and increasing how long you can use them. Activities like weight lifting and push-ups can improve your muscular fitness.
Flexibility is the ability to move your joints and muscles through their full range of motion. Stretching is an exercise that helps you to be more flexible.
How can you be more physically active? If you're ready to add more physical activity to your life, here are some tips to get you started: Make physical activity part of your regular day. Make a regular habit of using stairs, not elevators, and walking to do errands near your home. Start walking. Walking is a great fitness activity that most people can start doing. Make it a habit to take a daily walk with family members, friends, coworkers, or pets. Find an activity partner.
This can make exercising more fun. Find an activity that you enjoy, and stay with it. Vary it with other activities so you don't get bored. Health Tools Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health. Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition.
Interactive tools are designed to help people determine health risks, ideal weight, target heart rate, and more. No matter what your size or shape, being active: Makes you feel better. Helps you fall asleep and sleep well. Gives you more energy. Helps you think better and faster.
Helps you handle stress. Makes you healthier. Helps you live longer. Your health will thank you The more active you are, the better your heart and lungs work. You're less likely to get many of the diseases that can shorten your life, including: Coronary artery disease. High blood pressure.
Get a primer on how inbound helps your business grow better. Several studies show that exercise can help control pain that's associated with various health conditions, including chronic low back pain, fibromyalgia and chronic soft tissue shoulder disorder, to name a few An office workout can vary widely in type and intensity -- from swapping your desk chair out for a stability ball, to going for a run during your lunch break. If you feel bored or uninspired by your walks, listen to music, audio books, or talk on the phone while you do it to maximize the time. Many of us struggle getting out of the sedentary rut, despite our best intentions. Get up to talk to co-workers, rather than phoning or sending an email or IM.
Type 2 diabetes. Some cancers. Your body will thank you Being fit includes keeping your muscles, bones, and joints as active and healthy as possible. You can: Make your muscles stronger. Lifting weights—even small ones—is a good way to do this.